Diversification insulates fisher catch and revenue in heavily exploited tropical fisheries

Robinson, James P. W. and Robinson, Jan and Gerry, Calvin and Govinden, Rodney and Freshwater, Cameron and Graham, Nicholas A. J. (2020) Diversification insulates fisher catch and revenue in heavily exploited tropical fisheries. Science Advances, 6 (8). ISSN 2375-2548

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Abstract

Declines in commercial landings and increases in fishing fleet power have raised concerns over the continued provisioning of nutritional and economic services by tropical wild fisheries. Yet, because tropical fisheries are often data-poor, mechanisms that might buffer fishers to declines are not understood. This data scarcity undermines fisheries management, making tropical fishing livelihoods particularly vulnerable to changes in marine resources. We use high-resolution fisheries data from Seychelles to understand how fishing strategy (catch diversification) influences catch rates and revenues of individual fishing vessels. We show that average catch weight decreased by 65% over 27 years, with declines in all nine species groups coinciding with increases in fishing effort. However, for individual vessels, catch diversity was associated with larger catches and higher fishing revenues and with slower catch declines from 1990 to 2016. Management strategies should maximize catch diversity in data-poor tropical fisheries to help secure nutritional security while protecting fishing livelihoods.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Science Advances
Subjects:
ID Code:
143792
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 May 2020 15:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
24 Nov 2020 08:35