The global prevalence of hepatitis D virus infection:systematic review and metaanalysis

Stockdale, Alexander J. and Kreuels, Benno and Henrion, Marc R. Y. and Giorgi, Emanuele and Kyomuhangi, Irene and de Martel, Catherine and Hutin, Yvan and Geretti, Anna Maria (2020) The global prevalence of hepatitis D virus infection:systematic review and metaanalysis. Journal of Hepatology, 73 (3). pp. 523-532. ISSN 0168-8278

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Abstract

Background and Aims There are uncertainties about the epidemic patterns of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection and its contribution to the burden of liver disease. We estimated the global prevalence of HDV infection and explored its contribution to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive people. Methods We searched Pubmed, EMBASE and Scopus for studies reporting on total or IgG anti-HDV among HBsAg-positive people. Anti-HDV prevalence was estimated using a binomial mixed model, weighting for study quality and population size. The population attributable fraction (PAF) of HDV to cirrhosis and HCC among HBsAg-positive people was estimated using random-effects models. Results We included 282 studies, comprising 376 population samples from 95 countries, which together tested 120,293 HBsAg-positive people for anti-HDV. The estimated anti-HDV prevalence was 4.5% (95% CI 3.6, 5.7) among all HBsAg-positive people and 16.4% (14.6, 18.6) among those attending hepatology clinics. Worldwide, 0.16% (0.11, 0.25) of the general population, totalling 12.0 (8.7, 18.7) million people, were estimated to be anti-HDV positive. Prevalence among HBsAg-positive people was highest in Mongolia, the Republic of Moldova and countries in Western and Middle Africa, and was higher in injecting drug users, haemodialysis recipients, men who have sex with men, commercial sex workers, and those with hepatitis C virus or HIV. Among HBsAg-positive people, preliminary PAF estimates of HDV were 18% (10, 26) for cirrhosis and 20% (8, 33) for HCC. Conclusions An estimated 12 million people worldwide have experienced HDV infection, with higher prevalence in certain geographic areas and populations. HDV is a significant contributor to HBV-associated liver disease. More quality data are needed to improve the precisions of burden estimates.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hepatology
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2721
Subjects:
ID Code:
143598
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Apr 2020 13:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2020 06:22