Differences and similarities of stellar populations in LAEs and LBGs at z~3.4-6.8

Haro, P. Arrabal and Espinosa, J. M. Rodríguez and Muñoz-Tuñón, C. and Sobral, D. and Lumbreras-Calle, A. and Boquien, M. and Hernán-Caballero, A. and Rodríguez-Muñoz, L. and Pampliega, B. Alcalde (2020) Differences and similarities of stellar populations in LAEs and LBGs at z~3.4-6.8. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 495 (2). 1807–1824. ISSN 0035-8711

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Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) and Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) represent the most common groups of star-forming galaxies at high z, and the differences between their inherent stellar populations (SPs) are a key factor in understanding early galaxy formation and evolution. We have run a set of SP burst-like models for a sample of 1558 sources at 3.4 < z < 6.8 from the Survey for High-z Absorption Red and Dead Sources (SHARDS) over the GOODS-N field. This work focuses on the differences between the three different observational subfamilies of our sample: LAE–LBGs, no-Ly α LBGs, and pure LAEs. Single and double SP synthetic spectra were used to model the spectral energy distributions, adopting a Bayesian information criterion to analyze under which situations a second SP is required. We find that the sources are well modelled using a single SP in ∼79 per cent of the cases. The best models suggest that pure LAEs are typically young low-mass galaxies (⁠t∼26+41−25 Myr; Mstar∼5.6+12.0−5.5×108 M⊙⁠), undergoing one of their first bursts of star formation. On the other hand, no-Ly α LBGs require older SPs (t ∼ 71 ± 12 Myr), and they are substantially more massive (Mstar ∼ 3.5 ± 1.1 × 109 M⊙). LAE–LBGs appear as the subgroup that more frequently needs the addition of a second SP, representing an old and massive galaxy caught in a strong recent star-forming episode. The relative number of sources found from each subfamily at each z supports an evolutionary scenario from pure LAEs and single SP LAE–LBGs to more massive LBGs. Stellar mass functions are also derived, finding an increase of M* with cosmic time and a possible steepening of the low-mass slope from z ∼ 6 to z ∼ 5 with no significant change to z ∼ 4. Additionally, we have derived the SFR–Mstar relation, finding an SFR∝Mβstar behaviour with negligible evolution from z ∼ 4 to z ∼ 6.

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Journal Article
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version P Arrabal Haro, J M Rodríguez Espinosa, C Muñoz-Tuñón, D Sobral, A Lumbreras-Calle, M Boquien, A Hernán-Caballero, L Rodríguez-Muñoz, B Alcalde Pampliega, Differences and similarities of stellar populations in LAEs and LBGs at z ∼ 3.4−6.8, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 495, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages 1807–1824 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article-abstract/495/2/1807/5831076?redirectedFrom=fulltext
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27 Apr 2020 09:10
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22 Jan 2021 09:31