Jupiter's X-ray Emission 2007 Part 2:Comparisons with UV and Radio Emissions and In-Situ Solar Wind Measurements

Dunn, W.R. and Gray, Rebecca and Wibisono, A. D. and Lamy, Laurent and Louis, C. and Badman, Sarah and Branduardi-Raymont, Graziella and Elsner, R and Gladstone, G. R. and Ebert, R. W. and Ford, P and Foster, A and Tao, C. and Ray, Licia C and Yao, Z. H. and Rae, I.J. and Bunce, E. J. and Rodriguez, P. and Jackman, Caitriona M. and Nicolaou, G and Clarke, J. and Nichols, Jonathan and Elliot, H and Kraft, R (2020) Jupiter's X-ray Emission 2007 Part 2:Comparisons with UV and Radio Emissions and In-Situ Solar Wind Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125 (6). ISSN 2169-9402

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We compare Chandra and XMM‐Newton X‐ray observations of Jupiter during 2007 with a rich multi‐instrument dataset including: upstream in‐situ solar wind measurements from the New Horizons spacecraft, radio emissions from the Nançay Decametric Array and Wind/Waves, and UV observations from the Hubble Space Telescope. New Horizons data revealed two corotating interaction regions (CIRs) impacted Jupiter during these observations. Non‐Io decametric bursts and UV emissions brightened together and varied in phase with the CIRs. We characterise 3 types of X‐ray aurorae: hard X‐ray bremsstrahlung main emission, pulsed/flared soft X‐ray emissions and a newly identified dim flickering (varying on short‐timescales, but quasi‐continuously present) aurora. For most observations, the X‐ray aurorae were dominated by pulsed/flaring emissions, with ion spectral lines that were best fit by Iogenic plasma. However, the brightest X‐ray aurora was coincident with a magnetosphere expansion. For this observation, the aurorae were produced by both flickering emission and erratic pulses/flares. Auroral spectral models for this observation required the addition of solar wind ions to attain good fits, suggesting solar wind entry into the outer magnetosphere or directly into the pole for this particularly bright observation. X‐ray bremsstrahlung from high energy electrons was only bright for one observation, which was during a forward shock. This bremsstrahlung was spatially coincident with bright UV main emission (power> 1TW) and X‐ray ion spectral line dusk emission, suggesting closening of upward and downward current systems during the shock. Otherwise, the bremsstrahlung was dim and UV main emission power was also lower(<700 GW), suggesting their power scaled together.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
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Accepted for publication in JGR Space Physics. Copyright 2020 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.
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28 Apr 2020 08:55
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18 Sep 2020 05:24