Ultraviolet (UV) transparent plastic claddings warm crops and improve water use efficiency

Williams, T.B. and Paul, N.D. and Dodd, I.C. and Moore, J.P. and Sobeih, W. (2020) Ultraviolet (UV) transparent plastic claddings warm crops and improve water use efficiency. In: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: III International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cultivation. Acta Horticulturae . ISHS, pp. 1-8. ISBN 9789462612693

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Abstract

Advances in the manufacturing of plastic cladding for protected crop cultivation have resulted in wavelength selective plastics capable of manipulating the transmission of solar radiation to include ultraviolet (UV: 280-400 nm). Commercial growers already utilising these plastics report early maturity associated with warmer crops. We hypothesised that UV-B radiation causes partial stomatal closure that reduces stomatal conductance and transpiration rate, thereby increasing leaf temperature (relative to air temperature). We tested this hypothesis by investigating leaf gas exchange and temperature responses of individual tomato leaves to UV-B and UV-A radiation provided by UV lamps in a controlled environment. Transient (90 min) exposure to UV-B radiation decreased stomatal conductance but had minimal impact on photosynthesis, thus increasing leaf temperature and instantaneous water use efficiency. Should this enhanced water use efficiency also occur at a whole plant/canopy scale, these responses may benefit growers of protected crops in arid climates where plastic clad polytunnels are often utilised. © 2020 International Society for Horticultural Science. All rights reserved.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
Subjects:
ID Code:
143211
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Jun 2020 13:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Jul 2020 06:21