Development of a brief learning environment measure for use in healthcare professions education:the Healthcare Education Micro Learning Environment Measure (HEMLEM)

Isba, Rachel and Rousseva, Christiana and Woolf, Katherine and Byrne-Davis, Lucie (2020) Development of a brief learning environment measure for use in healthcare professions education:the Healthcare Education Micro Learning Environment Measure (HEMLEM). BMC Medical Education, 20.

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Abstract

Background The learning environment impacts many aspects of healthcare education, including student outcomes. Rather than being a single and fixed phenomenon, it is made up of multiple micro learning environments. The standard clinical learning environment measurement tools do not consider such diversity and may fail to adequately capture micro learning environments. Moreover, the existing tools are often long and may take a prohibitive amount of time to complete properly. This may have a negative impact on their usefulness in educational improvement strategies. In addition, there is no universal tool available which could be utilised across several healthcare student groups and placement settings. Aim To create an evidence-based measurement tool for assessing clinical micro learning environments across several healthcare profession student groups. Methods The measurement tool was developed through a step-wise approach: 1) literature review with iterative analysis of existing tools; 2) generation of new items via thematic analysis of student experiences; 3) a Delphi process involving healthcare educators; 4) piloting of the prototype; and 5) item reduction. Results The literature review and experiential data from healthcare students resulted in 115 and 43 items respectively. These items were refined, leaving 75 items for the Delphi process, which produced a prototype with 57 items. This prototype was then completed by 257 students across the range of healthcare professions, with item reduction resulting in a 12-item tool. Conclusion This paper describes a mixed methods approach to developing a brief micro learning environment measurement tool. The generated tool can be used for measuring student perceptions of clinical environments across several healthcare professions. Further cross-cultural and cross-professional validation studies are needed to support widespread use, possibly through mobile application.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
BMC Medical Education
ID Code:
143111
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Apr 2020 13:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Jul 2020 01:40