Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Ratios of Food and Beverage in Brazil

Martinelli, Luiz Antonio and Nardoto, Gabriela B. and Perez, Maria A.Z. and Arruda Junior, Geraldo and Fracassi, Fabiana C. and Oliveira, Juliana G.G. and Ottani, Isadora S. and Lima, Sarah H. and Mazzi, Edmar A. and Gomes, Taciana F. and Soltangheisi, Amin and Filho, Adibe L. Abdalla and Mariano, Eduardo and Costa, Fabio J.V. and Duarte-Neto, Paulo J. and Moreira, Marcelo Z. and Camargo, Plínio (2020) Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Ratios of Food and Beverage in Brazil. Molecules, 25 (6). ISSN 1420-3049

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Abstract

Several previous studies on targeted food items using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in Brazil have revealed that many of the items investigated are adulterated; mislabeled or even fraud. Here, we present the first Brazilian isotopic baseline assessment that can be used not only in future forensic cases involving food authenticity, but also in human forensic anthropology studies. The δ13C and δ15N were determined in 1245 food items and 374 beverages; most of them made in Brazil. The average δ13C and δ15N of C3 plants were −26.7 ± 1.5‰, and 3.9 ± 3.9‰, respectively, while the average δ13C and δ15N of C4 plants were −11.5 ± 0.8‰ and 4.6 ± 2.6‰, respectively. The δ13C and δ15N of plant-based processed foods were −21.8 ± 4.8‰ and 3.9 ± 2.7‰, respectively. The average δ13C and δ15N of meat, including beef, poultry, pork and lamb were -16.6 ± 4.7‰, and 5.2 ± 2.6‰, respectively, while the δ13C and δ15N of animal-based processed foods were −17.9 ± 3.3‰ and 3.3 ± 3.5‰, respectively. The average δ13C of beverages, including beer and wine was −22.5 ± 3.1‰. We verified that C-C4 constitutes a large proportion of fresh meat, dairy products, as well as animal and plant-based processed foods. The reasons behind this high proportion will be addressed in this study.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Molecules
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1605
Subjects:
ID Code:
143013
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Apr 2020 09:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Oct 2020 09:54