Real-time Learning and Planning in Environments with Swarms:A Hierarchical and a Parameter-based Simulation Approach

Pelcner, Lukasz and Li, Shaling and Do Carmo Alves, Matheus and Soriano Marcolino, Leandro and Collins, Alex (2020) Real-time Learning and Planning in Environments with Swarms:A Hierarchical and a Parameter-based Simulation Approach. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2020). UNSPECIFIED. (In Press)

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Abstract

Swarms can be applied in many relevant domains, such as patrolling or rescue. They usually follow simple local rules, leading to complex emergent behavior. Given their wide applicability, an agent may need to take decisions in an environment containing a swarm that is not under its control, and that may even be an antagonist. Predicting the behavior of each swarm member is a great challenge, and must be done under real time constraints, since they usually move constantly following quick reactive algorithms. We propose the first two solutions for this novel problem, showing integrated on-line learning and planning for decision-making with unknown swarms: (i) we learn an ellipse abstraction of the swarm based on statistical models, and predict its future parameters using time-series; (ii) we learn algorithm parameters followed by each swarm member, in order to directly simulate them. We find in our experiments that we are significantly faster to reach an objective than local repulsive forces, at the cost of success rate in some situations. Additionally, we show that this is a challenging problem for reinforcement learning.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
ID Code:
141849
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Feb 2020 09:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 06:55