Do Localities Benefit from Natural Resource Extraction?

Schiller, Anita and De Silva, Dakshina and McComb, Robert (2020) Do Localities Benefit from Natural Resource Extraction? Energy Journal, 41 (5). pp. 185-211. ISSN 0195-6574

[thumbnail of oil_gas_text_20200210]
Text (oil_gas_text_20200210)
oil_gas_text_20200210.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (285kB)


There is a strand of the economics literature that considers the regionalized economic effects of natural resource endowments. The so-called Natural Resource Curse suggests that natural resource endowments are associated with lower long-term growth rates in the areas in which the resources are located. Lower growth arises because these areas tend to specialize in the development and exploitation of the natural resources at the expense of other dynamic economic activities that offer higher long-term growth potential. Empirical evidence has, however, not reached consistent conclusions. In this paper, we take advantage of the rapid growth in oil and gas development and production in Texas over the course of a decade to consider the localized effects on inter-industry county-level employment at the NAICS-2, county-level mean and median income, and key public finance measures at both the county and school district levels. Considering the effects within a single, large and economically diverse state enables us to control for important state-level variables that influence local public fiances. We find little evidence of short term effects necessary to generate the circumstance of a resource curse over the longer term.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Energy Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Feb 2020 10:30
Last Modified:
19 Sep 2023 02:22