Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-2 deletion modifies ventral tegmental area function and connectivity and alters reward processing

Pytka, Karolina and Dawson, Neil and Tossell, Kyoko and Ungless, Mark A and Plevin, Robin and Brett, Ros R and Bushell, Trevor J (2020) Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-2 deletion modifies ventral tegmental area function and connectivity and alters reward processing. European Journal of Neuroscience, 52 (2). pp. 2838-2852. ISSN 0953-816X

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Abstract

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) regulate normal brain functioning, and their dysfunction is implicated in a number of brain disorders. Thus, there is great interest in understanding the signalling systems that control MAPK functioning. One family of proteins that contribute to this process, the mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatases (MKPs), directly inactivate MAPKs through dephosphorylation. Recent studies have identified novel functions of MKPs in foetal development, the immune system, cancer and synaptic plasticity and memory. In the present study, we performed an unbiased investigation using MKP-2-/- mice to assess whether MKP-2 plays a global role in modulating brain function. Local cerebral glucose utilization is significantly increased in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of MKP-2-/- mice, with connectivity analysis revealing alterations in VTA functional connectivity, including a significant reduction in connectivity to the nucleus accumbens and hippocampus. In addition, spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic current frequency, but not amplitude, onto putative dopamine neurons in the VTA is increased in MKP-2-/- mice, which indicates that increased excitatory drive may account for the increased VTA glucose utilization. Consistent with modified VTA function and connectivity, in behavioural tests MKP-2-/- mice exhibited increased sucrose preference and impaired amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion. Overall, these data reveal that MKP-2 plays a role in modulating VTA function and that its dysfunction may contribute to brain disorders in which altered reward processing is present.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Journal of Neuroscience
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pytka, K, Dawson, N, Tossell, K, et al. Mitogen‐activated protein kinase phosphatase‐2 deletion modifies ventral tegmental area function and connectivity and alters reward processing. Eur J Neurosci. 2020; 00: 1– 15. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14688 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ejn.14688 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Subjects:
ID Code:
141314
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Feb 2020 15:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Jul 2020 08:30