Development programs, security, and violence reduction:Evidence from an insurgency in India

Kaila, Heidi and Singhal, Saurabh and Tuteja, Divya (2020) Development programs, security, and violence reduction:Evidence from an insurgency in India. World Development, 130. ISSN 0305-750X

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Abstract

India has employed a variety of military, political and economic measures to combat the long running insurgency in Kashmir with little evidence on what contributes to stability in the region. This paper uses a variety of tests to detect structural breaks in the time series for violence over the period 1998–2017. We identify a transition from a high violence regime to a low violence regime that coincides with (i) the fencing of the border with Pakistan (ii) the implementation of a large-scale development program, and (iii) the phasing in of the Indian National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS). Panel data analysis using district-level data further corroborate these findings. Our results highlight the complementary roles of development programs and security in reducing violence.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
World Development
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3305
Subjects:
ID Code:
141103
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Mar 2020 16:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Jun 2020 04:55