Remediation of hexavalent chromium through adsorption by bentonite based Arquad (R) 2HT-75 organoclays

Sarkar, B and Xi, YF and Megharaj, M and Krishnamurti, GSR and Rajarathnam, D and Naidu, R (2010) Remediation of hexavalent chromium through adsorption by bentonite based Arquad (R) 2HT-75 organoclays. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 183 (1-3). pp. 87-97. ISSN 0304-3894

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Unlike hydrophobic organic pollutants, the potential of organoclays to adsorb inorganic ionic contaminants is relatively underexplored. The present study attempts to characterise bentonite (QB) based organoclays synthesised from a commercially available, low-cost alkyl ammonium surfactant Arquad® 2HT-75 (Aq) and test their ability to adsorb hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)) in aqueous solution. XRD, FTIR and TGA characterisation techniques prove successful modification of the bentonite structure and reveal that higher surfactant loadings gives rise to more ordered surfactant conformation in the organoclays. The zeta potential values indicate that higher surfactant loadings also create positive charges on the organoclay surfaces. Detailed isothermal and kinetic studies show that the organoclays effectively remove hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)) from aqueous solution by both physical and chemical adsorption processes. Higher surfactant loadings provide better adsorption efficiency. The adsorption performance is reasonably efficient under the levels of pH, temperature, electrolyte concentration and natural organic matter concentration that generally prevail in contaminated soil and water. This study shows that organoclay sorbents offer good potential for remediating Cr (VI) under real environmental conditions.

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Journal Article
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Journal of Hazardous Materials
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31 Jan 2020 15:30
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 08:41