Surface charge characteristics of organo-palygorskites and adsorption of p-nitrophenol in flow-through reactor system

Sarkar, Binoy and Megharaj, Mallavarapu and Xi, Yunfei and Naidu, Ravi (2012) Surface charge characteristics of organo-palygorskites and adsorption of p-nitrophenol in flow-through reactor system. Chemical Engineering Journal, 185-18. pp. 35-43. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

Modified palygorskite is a clay mineral with highly promising potential for remediation of specific organic and inorganic pollutants. In this study we report on some of its special adsorption characteristics as a basis for the design of more effective remediation materials. The surface charge properties of organo-palygorskites prepared from dioctadecyl dimethylammonium bromide (DODMA) were studied by measuring the zeta potential values (ζ) at variable pH conditions. The effect of pH, ζ and temperature on the kinetics of p-nitrophenol adsorption on organo-palygorskite clay minerals was also investigated using a flow-through reactor system. There was a consistent decrease in ζ values with increasing pH resulting in a decrease in the amount of p-nitrophenol adsorbed. The amount adsorbed was high at high initial adsorbate concentration at 23 °C. However, at higher temperature the amount of adsorbed p-nitrophenol reduced significantly. The adsorption data was best fitted to the pseudo-second order kinetic model and was controlled by a complex mechanism of physio-sorption and chemisorption. Desorption of adsorbed p-nitrophenol from the adsorbents was negligible, demonstrating that the adsorption was largely specific in nature. This study has significant implications for developing adsorptive remediation materials for ionisable organic pollutants in waste waters.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Chemical Engineering Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2200/2209
Subjects:
ID Code:
140940
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Jan 2020 15:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Sep 2020 05:41