Simultaneous Adsorption of Tri- and Hexavalent Chromium by Organoclay Mixtures

Sarkar, Binoy and Naidu, Ravi and Megharaj, Mallavarapu (2013) Simultaneous Adsorption of Tri- and Hexavalent Chromium by Organoclay Mixtures. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 224 (12). ISSN 0049-6979

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Organoclays possess unique adsorption behaviour towards hydrophobic organic contaminants. They can also remediate ionic contaminants such as heavy metals and metalloids. The objective of the present study was to prepare organoclay and organoclay mixtures efficient to adsorb both cationic and anionic contaminants. The adsorbents were characterised by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Trivalent (Cr3+) and hexavalent (Cr2O7 2−) chromium were selected as the model contaminants representing cationic and anionic properties. Bentonite modified with cationic surfactant hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide at double the cation exchange capacity of the clay remarkably improved Cr2O7 2− adsorption capacity (as high as 0.49 mmol g−1). Similarly, its modification with anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate at the same dosage improved Cr3+ adsorption (as high as 0.36 mmol g−1). When these two organoclays were physically mixed in equal proportions (1:1), the resultant organoclay mixture efficiently adsorbed both Cr3+ (as high as 0.21 mmol g−1) and Cr2O7 2− (as high as 0.32 mmol g−1) implying that the mixture could remediate both anionic and cationic contaminants simultaneously. The adsorption of Cr3+ by the organoclay and organoclay mixture fitted well to the Langmuir isothermal model whereas the adsorption of Cr2O7 2− fitted well to the Freundlich model.

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Journal Article
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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
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31 Jan 2020 16:05
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 08:41