Attainment grouping as self-fulfilling prophesy?:A mixed methods exploration of self-confidence and set level among Year 7 students

Francis, Becky and Connolly, Paul and Archer, Louise and Hodgen, Jeremy and Mazenod, Anna and Sloan, Seaneen and Taylor, Becky and Tereshchenko, Antonina and Travers, Mary-Claire (2017) Attainment grouping as self-fulfilling prophesy?:A mixed methods exploration of self-confidence and set level among Year 7 students. International Journal of Educational Research, 86. pp. 96-108. ISSN 0883-0355

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Abstract

Within-school segregation of pupils by attainment remains prevalent, despite evidence that these practices detrimentally impact outcomes for those in low attainment groups. This article explores the hypothesis that ‘ability grouping’ by setting impacts pupil self-confidence, precipitating a self-fulfilling prophecy. Survey data from 11,546 11/12 year old pupils in ‘ability sets’, and individual interviews and focus groups with 66 pupils, are drawn upon to explore this hypothesis. We find a significant correlation between perceived set placement and self-confidence in the set subject. More importantly, we also find a correlation between set placement and general self-confidence in learning. Pupils’ qualitative responses illustrate how setting can promote self-fulfilling prophecy, and worrying evidence of internalisation of ‘ability’ labels among pupils.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Educational Research
Additional Information:
https://pure.qub.ac.uk/en/publications/attainment-grouping-as-self-fulfilling-prophesy-a-mixed-methods-e
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3304
Subjects:
ID Code:
140873
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Jan 2020 11:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Sep 2020 05:58