Increased levels of XPA might be the basis of cisplatin resistance in germ cell tumours

Cierna, Z. and Miskovska, V. and Roska, J. and Jurkovicova, D. and Pulzova, L.B. and Sestakova, Z. and Hurbanova, L. and Machalekova, K. and Chovanec, M. and Rejlekova, K. and Svetlovska, D. and Kalavska, K. and Kajo, K. and Babal, P. and Mardiak, J. and Ward, T.A. and Mego, M. and Chovanec, Miroslav (2020) Increased levels of XPA might be the basis of cisplatin resistance in germ cell tumours. BMC Cancer, 20 (1). ISSN 1471-2407

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Background Germ cell tumours (GCTs) represent a highly curable malignity as they respond well to cisplatin (CDDP)-based chemotherapy. Nevertheless, a small proportion of GCT patients relapse or do not respond to therapy. As this might be caused by an increased capacity to repair CDDP-induced DNA damage, identification of DNA repair biomarkers predicting inadequate or aberrant response to CDDP, and thus poor prognosis for GCT patients, poses a challenge. The objective of this study is to examine the expression levels of the key nucleotide excision repair (NER) factors, XPA, ERCC1 and XPF, in GCT patients and cell lines. Methods Two hundred seven GCT patients’ specimens with sufficient follow-up clinical-pathological data and pairwise combinations of CDDP-resistant and -sensitive GCT cell lines were included. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the ERCC1, XPF and XPA protein expression levels in GCT patients’ specimen and Western blot and qRT-PCR examined the protein and mRNA expression levels in GCT cell lines. Results GCT patients with low XPA expression had significantly better overall survival than patients with high expression (hazard ratio = 0.38, 95% confidence interval: 0.12–1.23, p = 0.0228). In addition, XPA expression was increased in the non-seminomatous histological subtype, IGCCCG poor prognosis group, increasing S stage, as well as the presence of lung, liver and non-pulmonary visceral metastases. Importantly, a correlation between inadequate or aberrant CDDP response and XPA expression found in GCT patients was also seen in GCT cell lines. Conclusions XPA expression is an additional independent prognostic biomarker for stratifying GCT patients, allowing for improvements in decision-making on treatment for those at high risk of refractoriness or relapse. In addition, it could represent a novel therapeutic target in GCTs.

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Journal Article
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BMC Cancer
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23 Jan 2020 14:15
Last Modified:
22 Sep 2023 00:43