The causal role of left and right superior temporal gyri in speech perception in noise:A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study

Kennedy-Higgins, Dan and Devlin, Joseph T. and Nuttall, Helen E and Adank, Patti (2020) The causal role of left and right superior temporal gyri in speech perception in noise:A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 32 (6). pp. 1092-1103. ISSN 0898-929X

[img]
Text (Revised_JOCN_Manuscript_TMS_and_Language_Response_to_Reviewers)
Revised_JOCN_Manuscript_TMS_and_Language_Response_to_Reviewers.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (637kB)

Abstract

Successful perception of speech in everyday listening conditions requires effective listening strategies to overcome common acoustic distortions, such as background noise. Convergent evidence from neuroimaging and clinical studies identify activation within the temporal lobes as key to successful speech perception. However, current neurobiological models disagree on whether the left temporal lobe is sufficient for successful speech perception or whether bilateral processing is required. We addressed this issue using TMS to selectively disrupt processing in either the left or right superior temporal gyrus (STG) of healthy participants to test whether the left temporal lobe is sufficient or whether both left and right STG are essential. Participants repeated keywords from sentences presented in background noise in a speech reception threshold task while receiving online repetitive TMS separately to the left STG, right STG, or vertex or while receiving no TMS. Results show an equal drop in performance following application of TMS to either left or right STG during the task. A separate group of participants performed a visual discrimination threshold task to control for the confounding side effects of TMS. Results show no effect of TMS on the control task, supporting the notion that the results of Experiment 1 can be attributed to modulation of cortical functioning in STG rather than to side effects associated with online TMS. These results indicate that successful speech perception in everyday listening conditions requires both left and right STG and thus have ramifications for our understanding of the neural organization of spoken language processing.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Additional Information:
This is a preprint, or manuscript version and that the article has been accepted for publication in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3310
Subjects:
ID Code:
140544
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Jan 2020 08:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Sep 2020 04:53