Distinctions in the acquisition of vocabulary and grammar:An individual differences approach

Walker, Neil and Monaghan, Padraic and Schoetensack, Christine and Rebuschat, Patrick (2020) Distinctions in the acquisition of vocabulary and grammar:An individual differences approach. Language Learning (70). ISSN 0023-8333 (In Press)

[img] Text (Walker, N., Monaghan, P., Schoetensack, C., Rebuschat, P. (2020). Distinctions in the acquisition of vocabulary and grammar An individual differences approach)
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Abstract

Learning language requires acquiring the grammatical categories of words in the language, but learning those categories requires understanding the role of words in the syntax. In this study, we examined how this chicken and egg problem is resolved by learners of an artificial language comprising nouns, verbs, adjectives and case markers following syntactic rules. We also measured individual differences in declarative and procedural memory processing, which have been linked to vocabulary and grammar learning, respectively. The results showed that grammar and vocabulary can be acquired simultaneously, but with distinctive patterns of acquisition – the syntactic role of verbs and their referents first, then other lexical categories, and finally the syntactic function of case markers. Interdependencies in learning were found for word order and verbs, which related to verbal declarative memory, and also for nouns, adjectives and case markers, which related to procedural memory.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Language Learning
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200/1203
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences > Linguistics & English Language
ID Code: 140457
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 17 Jan 2020 14:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: In Press
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2020 05:23
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/140457

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