The evolution of rest-frame UV properties, Lya EWs and the SFR-Stellar mass relation at z~2-6 for SC4K LAEs

Santos, Sérgio and Sobral, David and Matthee, Jorryt and Calhau, João and Cunha, Elisabete da and Ribeiro, Bruno and Paulino-Afonso, Ana and Haro, Pablo Arrabal and Butterworth, Josh (2020) The evolution of rest-frame UV properties, Lya EWs and the SFR-Stellar mass relation at z~2-6 for SC4K LAEs. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 493 (1). pp. 141-160. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We explore deep rest-frame UV to FIR data in the COSMOS field to measure the individual spectral energy distributions (SED) of the ~4000 SC4K (Sobral et al. 2018) Lyman-alpha (Lya) emitters (LAEs) at z~2-6. We find typical stellar masses of 10$^{9.3\pm0.6}$ M$_{\odot}$ and star formation rates (SFR) of SFR$_{SED}=4.5^{+8.8}_{-2.5}$ M$_{\odot}$/yr and SFR$_{Lya}=5.9^{+6.3}_{-2.6}$ M$_{\odot}$/yr, combined with very blue UV slopes of beta=-2.0$^{+0.3}_{-0.5}$, but with significant variations within the population. M$_{UV}$ and beta are correlated in a similar way to UV-selected sources, but LAEs are consistently bluer. This suggests that LAEs are the youngest and/or most dust-poor subset of the UV-selected population. We also study the Lya rest-frame equivalent width (EW$_0$) and find 45 "extreme" LAEs with EW$_0>240$ A (3 $\sigma$), implying a low number density of $(7\pm1)\times10^{-7}$ Mpc$^{-3}$. Overall, we measure little to no evolution of the Lya EW$_0$ and scale length parameter ($w_0$) which are consistently high (EW$_0=140^{+280}_{-70}$ A, $w_0=129^{+11}_{-11}$ A) from z~6 to z~2 and below. However, $w_0$ is anti-correlated with M$_{UV}$ and stellar mass. Our results imply that sources selected as LAEs have a high Lya escape fraction (f$_{esc, Lya}$) irrespective of cosmic time, but f$_{esc, Lya}$ is still higher for UV-fainter and lower mass LAEs. The least massive LAEs ($

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Information:
This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version S Santos, D Sobral, J Matthee, J Calhau, E da Cunha, B Ribeiro, A Paulino-Afonso, P Arrabal Haro, J Butterworth, The evolution of rest-frame UV properties, Ly α EWs, and the SFR–stellar mass relation at z ∼ 2–6 for SC4K LAEs, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 493, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 141–160, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa093 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/493/1/141/5704403
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
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ID Code:
140113
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Deposited On:
07 Jan 2020 14:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Jul 2020 04:43