Development of low-cost multi-wavelength imager system for studies of aurora and airglow

Ogawa, Y. and Tanaka, Y. and Kadokura, A. and Hosokawa, K. and Ebihara, Y. and Motoba, T. and Gustavsson, B. and Brändström, U. and Sato, Y. and Oyama, S. and Ozaki, M. and Raita, T. and Sigernes, F. and Nozawa, S. and Shiokawa, K. and Kosch, M. and Kauristie, K. and Hall, C. and Suzuki, S. and Miyoshi, Y. and Gerrard, A. and Miyaoka, H. and Fujii, R. (2020) Development of low-cost multi-wavelength imager system for studies of aurora and airglow. Polar Science, 23: 100501.

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This paper introduces a new system that can monitor aurora and atmospheric airglow using a low-cost Watec monochromatic imager (WMI) equipped with a sensitive camera, a filter with high transmittance, and the non-telecentric optics. The WMI system with 486-nm, 558-nm, and 630-nm band-pass filters has observable luminosity of about ~200–4000 Rayleigh for 1.07-sec exposure time and about ~40–1200 Rayleigh for 4.27-sec exposure time, for example. It is demonstrated that the WMI system is capable of detecting 428-nm auroral intensities properly, through comparison with those measured with a collocated electron-multiplying charge-coupled device (EMCCD) imager system with narrower band-pass filter. The WMI system has two distinct advantages over the existing system: One makes it possible to reduce overall costs, and the other is that it enables the continuous observation even under twilight and moonlight conditions. Since 2013 a set of multi-wavelength WMIs has been operating in northern Scandinavia, Svalbard, and Antarctica to study meso- and large-scale aurora and airglow phenomena. Future development of the low-cost WMI system is expected to provide a great opportunity for constructing a global network for multi-wavelength aurora and airglow monitoring.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Polar Science
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Polar Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Polar Science, 23, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.polar.2019.100501
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05 Feb 2020 13:45
Last Modified:
14 Mar 2024 00:49