Secrecy Spectrum and Energy Efficiency Analysis in Massive MIMO-enabled Multi-Tier Hybrid HetNets

Umer, A. and Hassan, S.A. and Pervaiz, H. and Musavian, L. and Ni, Qiang and Imran, M.A. (2020) Secrecy Spectrum and Energy Efficiency Analysis in Massive MIMO-enabled Multi-Tier Hybrid HetNets. IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking, 4 (1). pp. 246-262. ISSN 2473-2400

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Abstract

Massive multiple antenna systems in conjunction with millimeter (mmWave) communication have gained tremendous attention in the recent years owing to their high speed data delivery. However, security in these networks has been overlooked; thereby necessitating a comprehensive study. This paper analyzes the physical layer security performance of the downlink of a massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)-based hybrid heterogeneous network (HetNet) where both mmWave and sub-6 GHz small cells coexist. Specifically, a tractable approach using stochastic geometry is proposed to analyze the secrecy outage probability, secrecy energy efficiency (SEE) and secrecy spectrum efficiency (SSE) of the hybrid HetNets. Our study further characterizes the impact of large antenna arrays, directional beamforming gains, transmit power, and cell density on the above mentioned secrecy performance measures. The results show that at low transmit power operation, the secrecy performance enhances for higher small cell density. It has also been observed that the higher directivity gains at mmWave cells lead to a drop in secrecy performance of the network; thus a tradeoff exists between better coverage or secrecy.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
ID Code:
140039
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Jan 2020 16:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Oct 2020 06:52