What Fraction of the Outer Radiation Belt Relativistic Electron Flux at L approximate to 3-4.5 Was Lost to the Atmosphere During the Dropout Event of the St. Patrick's Day Storm of 2015?

Gokani, S.A. and Kosch, M. and Clilverd, M. and Rodger, C.J. and Sinha, A.K. (2019) What Fraction of the Outer Radiation Belt Relativistic Electron Flux at L approximate to 3-4.5 Was Lost to the Atmosphere During the Dropout Event of the St. Patrick's Day Storm of 2015? Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124 (11). pp. 9537-9551. ISSN 2169-9402

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Abstract

Observations of relativistic energetic electron fluxes in the outer radiation belt can show dropouts, that is, sudden electron flux depletions during the main phase of a geomagnetic storm. Many recent studies show that these dropouts typically involve a true loss of particles, that is, nonadiabatic losses in nature. Precipitation into the atmosphere of relativistic electrons driven into the bounce loss cone, through wave-particle interactions, is envisaged as one of the primary loss mechanisms. Such precipitation can be studied using ground-based observations such as VLF narrowband radio waves, due to the deposition of energy into the lower ionospheric D-region, thereby modifying the subionospheric waveguide. The present study focuses on the dropout event observed during the St. Patrick's Day storm of March 2015. Perturbations lasting several hours were observed in the received VLF amplitude and phase of the NAA transmitter signal measured at Seattle and Edmonton and the NML transmitter signal received at St. John's and Edmonton. All these L approximate to 3-4.5 paths were located on the nightside of the Earth during dropout phase of the storm. Observations of relativistic electron characteristics from Van Allen Probes, and ionospheric perturbation characterization from VLF radio waves, are used to calculate that during the time interval of the dropout event,

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Additional Information: An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2019 American Geophysical Union. Gokani, S. A., Kosch, M., Clilverd, M., Rodger, C. J., & Sinha, A. K. ( 2019). What Fraction of the Outer Radiation Belt Relativistic Electron Flux at L ≈ 3‐4.5 Was Lost to the Atmosphere During the Dropout Event of the St. Patrick's Day Storm of 2015?. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA026278 To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Physics
ID Code: 139436
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 18 Dec 2019 10:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2020 05:14
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/139436

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