AdaCare:Explainable Clinical Health Status Representation Learning via Scale Adaptive Feature Extraction and Recalibration

Ma, Liantao and Gao, Junyi and Wang, Yasha and Wang, Jiangtao and Ruan, Wenjie and Zhang, Chaohe and Tang, Wen and Gao, Xin and Ma, Xinyu (2020) AdaCare:Explainable Clinical Health Status Representation Learning via Scale Adaptive Feature Extraction and Recalibration. In: The Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2020. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence . AAAI, pp. 825-832. ISBN 9781577358350

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Abstract

Deep learning-based health status representation learning and clinical prediction have raised much research interest in recent years. Existing models have shown superior performance, but there are still several major issues that have not been fully taken into consideration. First, the historical variation pattern of the biomarker in diverse time scales plays an important role in indicating the health status, but it has not been explicitly extracted by existing works. Second, key factors that strongly indicate the health risk are different among patients. It is still challenging to adaptively make use of the features for patients in diverse conditions. Third, using the prediction model as a black box will limit the reliability in clinical practice. However, none of the existing works can provide satisfying interpretability and meanwhile achieve high prediction performance. In this work, we develop a general health status representation learning model, named AdaCare. It can capture the long and short-term variations of biomarkers as clinical features to depict the health status in multiple time scales. It also models the correlation between clinical features to enhance the ones which strongly indicate the health status and thus can maintain a state-of-the-art performance in terms of prediction accuracy while providing qualitative in- interpretability. We conduct health risk prediction experiment on two real-world datasets. Experiment results indicate that AdaCare outperforms state-of-the-art approaches and provides effective interpretability which is verifiable by clinical experts.

Item Type:
Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings
ID Code:
139019
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
16 Jan 2020 11:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2020 06:48