Utilisation of tools to facilitate cross-border communication during international food safety events, 1995-2019:A realist synthesis protocol

Savelli, C.J. and Mateus, C. (2019) Utilisation of tools to facilitate cross-border communication during international food safety events, 1995-2019:A realist synthesis protocol. BMJ Open, 9 (10). ISSN 2044-6055

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Introduction Efficient communication and coordination between countries is needed for prevention, detection and response to international food safety events. While communication tools exist, current evidence suggests that they are only effective within certain contexts and only cover certain geographic areas. There is a need to unpack and explore the mechanisms of how and in what context such communication tools and their components are effective at facilitating international communication and coordination to keep food safe and mitigate the burden of foodborne disease around the globe. Methods and analysis A realist synthesis will be undertaken to understand how and why certain processes and structures of communication tools, used during international food safety events, influence their utility and effectiveness according to different contextual factors. The focus of this review is explanatory and aims to develop and refine theory regarding how contextual factors trigger specific processes and mechanisms to produce outcomes. Using the realist context–mechanism–outcome configuration of theory development, a range of sources have been used to develop the initial programme theory, including the author’s experience, a scoping review of published papers and grey literature and input from an expert reference committee. To support, expand or refute the initial theory, data will be synthesised from published literature and input from the expert reference committee. Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval is not required for this review as it does not involve primary research. However, it will be conducted according to the appropriate ethical standards of accuracy, utility, usefulness, accountability, feasibility and propriety. The RAMESES publication standards will be followed to report the findings of this review. On completion, the final manuscript will be shared with members of the FAO/WHO International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) and published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: BMJ Open
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 138956
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 Nov 2019 08:55
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2020 05:28
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/138956

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