Methane emissions from tree stems:a new frontier in the global carbon cycle

Barba, Josep and Bradford, Mark A. and Brewer, Paul E. and Bruhn, Dan and Covey, Kristofer and van Haren, Joost and Megonigal, J.  Patrick and Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard and Pangala, Sunitha R. and Pihlatie, Mari and Poulter, Ben and Rivas-Ubach, Albert and Schadt, Christopher W. and Terazawa, Kazuhiko and Warner, Daniel L. and Zhang, Zhen and Vargas, Rodrigo (2019) Methane emissions from tree stems:a new frontier in the global carbon cycle. New Phytologist, 222 (1). pp. 18-28. ISSN 0028-646X

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Abstract

Tree stems from wetland, floodplain and upland forests can produce and emit methane (CH 4 ). Tree CH 4 stem emissions have high spatial and temporal variability, but there is no consensus on the biophysical mechanisms that drive stem CH 4 production and emissions. Here, we summarize up to 30 opportunities and challenges for stem CH 4 emissions research, which, when addressed, will improve estimates of the magnitudes, patterns and drivers of CH 4 emissions and trace their potential origin. We identified the need: (1) for both long-term, high-frequency measurements of stem CH 4 emissions to understand the fine-scale processes, alongside rapid large-scale measurements designed to understand the variability across individuals, species and ecosystems; (2) to identify microorganisms and biogeochemical pathways associated with CH 4 production; and (3) to develop a mechanistic model including passive and active transport of CH 4 from the soil–tree–atmosphere continuum. Addressing these challenges will help to constrain the magnitudes and patterns of CH 4 emissions, and allow for the integration of pathways and mechanisms of CH 4 production and emissions into process-based models. These advances will facilitate the upscaling of stem CH 4 emissions to the ecosystem level and quantify the role of stem CH 4 emissions for the local to global CH 4 budget.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
New Phytologist
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700
Subjects:
ID Code:
138549
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Jun 2020 09:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Oct 2020 09:30