The causal effect of education on chronic health conditions in the UK

Janke, Katharina and Johnston, David W. and Propper, Carol and Shields, Michael (2020) The causal effect of education on chronic health conditions in the UK. Journal of Health Economics, 70. ISSN 0167-6296

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Abstract

We study the causal impact of education on chronic health conditions by exploitng two UK education policy reforms. The first reform raised the minimum school leaving age in 1972 and affected the lower end of the educational attainment distribution. The second reform is a combination of several policy changes that affected the broader educational attainment distribution in the early 1990s. Results are consistent across both reforms: an extra year of schooling has no statistically identifiable impact on the prevalence of most chronic health conditions. The exception is that both reforms led to a statistically significant reduction in the probability of having diabetes, and this result is robust across model specifications. However, even with the largest survey samples available in the UK, we are unable to statistically rule out moderate size educational effects for many of the other health conditions, although we generally find considerably smaller effects than OLS associations suggest.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Health Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2719
Subjects:
ID Code:
138187
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Oct 2019 08:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Apr 2020 13:45