Security Requirements Engineering in Safety-Critical Railway Signalling Networks.

Heinrich, Markus and Vateva-Gurova, Tsvetoslava and Arul, Tolga and Katzenbeisser, Stefan and Suri, Neeraj and Birkholz, Henk and Fuchs, Andreas and Krauß, Christoph and Zhdanova, Maria and Kuzhiyelil, Don and Tverdyshev, Sergey and Schlehuber, Christian (2019) Security Requirements Engineering in Safety-Critical Railway Signalling Networks. Security and Communication Networks, 2019. ISSN 1939-0114

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Securing a safety-critical system is a challenging task, because safety requirements have to be considered alongside security controls. We report on our experience to develop a security architecture for railway signalling systems starting from the bare safety-critical system that requires protection. We use a threat-based approach to determine security risk acceptance criteria and derive security requirements. We discuss the executed process and make suggestions for improvements. Based on the security requirements, we develop a security architecture. The architecture is based on a hardware platform that provides the resources required for safety as well as security applications and is able to run these applications of mixed-criticality (safety-critical applications and other applications run on the same device). To achieve this, we apply the MILS approach, a separation-based high-assurance security architecture to simplify the safety case and security case of our approach. We describe the assurance requirements of the separation kernel subcomponent, which represents the key component of the MILS architecture. We further discuss the security measures of our architecture that are included to protect the safety-critical application from cyberattacks.

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Journal Article
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Security and Communication Networks
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Deposited On:
15 Oct 2019 11:15
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 01:41