Organic compounds in the environment:Validation of procedures to quantify nonextractable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil

Northcott, Grant L. and Jones, Kevin C. (2003) Organic compounds in the environment:Validation of procedures to quantify nonextractable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32 (2). pp. 571-582. ISSN 0047-2425

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Abstract

This study was conducted to optimize butanol solvent shake extraction, dichloromethane soxtec extraction, and methanolic saponification extraction for the selective extraction of aged polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from soil. Extraction kinetics for these methods was established to determine the optimal time necessary to achieve exhaustive compound extraction. This resulted in times of 12, 6, and 5 h, respectively, for butanol, dichloromethane, and saponification, to extract polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from previously spiked, then aged soil. Increasing the soil mass to butanol volume ratio reduced the proportion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon extracted by butanol, highlighting the importance of determining and maintaining a constant soil to solvent ratio for comparative purposes. Drying soil samples before dichloromethane soxtec extraction reduced by 30 to 76% the amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons extracted. The effect of sample drying is discussed with relevance to enhancing the formation of nonextractable compounds in soil and compound losses previously assumed by volatilization. The optimized extraction procedures provided low variability with relative standard deviations ≤ 5.2% for analysis of multiple replicates. The results obtained by the optimized procedures provided equivalent or improved reproducibility to those obtained by other methods reported in the literature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Quality
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2308
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 137810
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 Oct 2019 13:38
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 12:17
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/137810

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