Estimation of the source strength of polybrominated diphenyl ethers based on their diel variability in air in Zurich, Switzerland

Moeckel, Claudia and Gasic, Bojan and MacLeod, Matthew and Scheringer, Martin and Jones, Kevin C. and Hungerbühler, Konrad (2010) Estimation of the source strength of polybrominated diphenyl ethers based on their diel variability in air in Zurich, Switzerland. Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (11). pp. 4225-4231. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Diel (24-h) concentration variations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in air were measured in the center of Zurich, Switzerland, and on Uetliberg, a hill about 5 km from the city center. Air samples were collected simultaneously at both sites over 4 h time periods for 3 consecutive days during a stable high pressure system in August 2007. Higher PBDE concentrations in the city compared to the Uetliberg site indicate that Zurich is a likely source of PBDEs to the atmosphere. A multimedia mass balance model was used to (i) explain the diel cycling pattern of PBDE concentrations observed at both sites in terms of dominant processes and (ii) estimate emission rates of PBDEs from the city to the atmosphere. We estimate that Zurich emits 0.4, 6.2, 1.6, and 0.4 kg year-1 of the PBDE congeners 28, 47, 99, and 100, respectively. On a per-capita basis, these estimates are within the range or somewhat above those obtained in other studies using approaches based on emission factors (EF) and PBDE production, usage, and disposal data, or concentration measurements. The present approach complements emission estimates based on the EF approach and can also be applied to source areas where EFs and PBDE material flows are poorly characterized or unknown, such as electronic waste processing plants.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 137794
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 Oct 2019 15:10
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 12:17
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/137794

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