Diurnal fluctuations in polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations during and after a severe dust storm episode in Kuwait City, Kuwait

Gevao, Bondi and Jaward, Foday M. and Macleod, Matthew and Jones, Kevin C. (2010) Diurnal fluctuations in polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations during and after a severe dust storm episode in Kuwait City, Kuwait. Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (21). pp. 8114-8120. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were quantified in four-hour integrated air samples obtained serially over a five day period in May 2007 in Kuwait City during and after a severe dust storm. The ΣPBDE concentrations ranged from 51 to 1307 pg m-3 for the first two days of sampling and 20 to 148 pg m-3 for the rest of the sampling period. The first two days of sampling occurred during a severe dust storm episode when the total suspended particulates (TSP) in air exceeded 1000 μg/m3 with concentrations peaking during the day and decreasing at night. During this dust episode, the peak nighttime PBDE concentration was 30 times higher than the minimum daytime concentration. Although ΣPBDE concentrations peaked at night during the first two sampling days, the fluctuations in the BDE 47:99 ratio tracked changes in ambient temperature remarkably well, following a clear diurnal pattern. The fraction of congeners in the gas phase varied inversely with solar flux and was lower on days with a high number of hours of sunshine, suggesting that photolytic degradation of gas-phase PBDEs was occurring.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
ID Code: 137789
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 14 Oct 2019 14:35
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 01 Jan 2020 12:17
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/137789

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