Observation of nutrient uptake at the adaxial surface of leaves of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) using Raman spectroscopy

Butler, Holly and Martin, Frank and Roberts, Mike and Adams, Steven and McAinsh, Martin (2020) Observation of nutrient uptake at the adaxial surface of leaves of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) using Raman spectroscopy. Analytical Letters, 53 (4). pp. 536-562. ISSN 0003-2719

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Abstract

Foliar application of nutrient fertilizers is standard practice in agricul- tural environments, and has been shown to increase crop yield and quality more efficiently and economically than soil-based fertilizers. The adsorption of macro- and micro-nutrients through the upper epidermis of leaves is largely species dependent; reliant upon pene- tration through the cuticle and stomata, and also upon the plant’s ability to translocate the nutrient. Herein we describe a method to observe nitrate (NO3) uptake at the adaxial leaf surface to deter- mine the efficacy of foliar fertilizers. We use Raman microspectro- scopy as a sensitive approach to monitor NO3 associated vibrational modes, complemented by ion probe measurements and measurements of leaf nutrient status using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results show that NO3 uptake can be observed down to concentrations as low as 15 mM using Raman microspectro- scopy over a defined surface area, and that the rate of uptake can also be quantified using this approach. These observations could also infer information regarding the transport of other ions present in nitrate salts, such as calcium (Ca), via the indirect monitoring of NO3- specific bands. We believe that Raman microspectroscopy pro- vides a novel method for monitoring nutrient movement throughout plant tissue, and provides a potential tool for nutrient screening.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Analytical Letters
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Analytical Letters on 04/9/2019, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00032719.2019.1658199
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2704
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Science and Technology > Lancaster Environment Centre
Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code: 137391
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 09 Oct 2019 09:05
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 04:20
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/137391

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