Insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose-6-phosphate receptor in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of the adult rat

Hawkes, C. and Kar, S. (2002) Insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose-6-phosphate receptor in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of the adult rat. European Journal of Neuroscience, 15 (1). pp. 33-39. ISSN 0953-816X

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Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose-6-phosphate (IGF-II/M6P) receptor is a multifunctional transmembrane glycoprotein, which interacts with a number of molecules, including IGF-II and M6P-containing lysosomal enzymes. The receptor is widely distributed throughout the brain and is known to be involved in lysosomal enzyme trafficking, cell growth, internalization and degradation of IGF-II. In the present study, using autoradiographic, Western blotting and immunocytochemical methods, we provide the first report that IGF-II/M6P receptors are discretely distributed at all major segmental levels of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of the adult rat. In the spinal cord, a high density of [125I]IGF-II binding sites was evident in the ventral horn (lamina IX) and in areas around the central canal (lamina X), whereas intermediate grey matter and dorsal horn were associated with moderate receptor levels. The dorsal root ganglia exhibited rather high density of [125I]IGF-II binding sites. Interestingly, meninges present around the spinal cord displayed highest density of [125I]IGF-II binding compared to any given region of the spinal grey mater or the dorsal root ganglia. Western blot results indicated the presence of the IGF-II/M6P receptor at all major levels of spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia, with little segmental variation. At the cellular level, spinal motorneurons demonstrated the most intense IGF-II/M6P receptor immunoreactivity, followed by interneurons in the intermediate region and deeper dorsal horn. Some scattered IGF-II/M6P immunoreactive fibers were found in the superficial laminae of the dorsal horn and dorsolateral funiculus. The meninges of the spinal cord also seemed to express IGF-II receptor immunoreactivity. In the dorsal root ganglia, receptor immunoreactivity was evident primarily in a subset of neurons of all diameters. These results, taken together, provide anatomical evidence of a role for the IGF-II/M6P receptor in general cellular functions such as transport of lysosomal enzymes and/or internalization followed by clearance of IGF-II in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Journal of Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Subjects:
ID Code:
137333
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Oct 2019 14:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Mar 2020 07:44