MK886 reduces cerebral amyloid angiopathy severity in TgCRND8 mice

Hawkes, Cheryl A. and Shaw, James E. and Brown, Mary and Sampson, Anthony P. and McLaurin, Joanne and Carare, Roxana O. (2013) MK886 reduces cerebral amyloid angiopathy severity in TgCRND8 mice. Neurodegenerative Diseases, 13 (1). pp. 17-23. ISSN 1660-2854

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Abstract

Background: Deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) in blood vessel walls as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is observed in the majority of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Inhibition of the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) pathway has recently been suggested to play a role in reducing parenchymal Aβ deposition. However, products of the 5-LOX pathway also activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family, which promotes clearance of Aβ from the brain.  Methods: In the present study, we investigated the effect of MK886, a 5-LOX-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor and PPARα antagonist, on CAA severity in TgCRND8 mice overexpressing the human Swedish and Indiana amyloid precursor protein mutations.  Results: We found that MK886 significantly reduced brain levels of nicastrin and PPARα, but did not affect levels of β-secretase, apolipoprotein E or low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1. CAA severity and parenchymal plaque load was significantly decreased in both the cortex and hippocampus of mice treated with MK886 compared to control mice.  Conclusion: These data suggest that 5-LOX and FLAP inhibitors may be useful in the treatment of CAA and AD.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2728
Subjects:
ID Code:
137304
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
07 Oct 2019 08:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
13 May 2020 06:46