Patients' costs associated with seeking and accessing treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa

Ramma, L and Cox, H and Wilkinson, L and Foster, N and Cunnama, L and Vassall, A and Sinanovic, E (2015) Patients' costs associated with seeking and accessing treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 19 (12). pp. 1513-1519. ISSN 1027-3719

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

SETTING: South Africa is one of the world's 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, with the second highest number of notified rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases. OBJECTIVE: To estimate patient costs associated with the diagnosis and treatment of RR-TB/MDR-TB in South Africa. DESIGN: Patients diagnosed with RR-TB/MDR-TB and accessing care at government health care facilities were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. Direct and indirect costs associated with accessing RR-TB/MDR-TB care were estimated at different treatment durations for each patient. RESULTS: A total of 134 patients were surveyed: 84 in the intensive phase and 50 in the continuation phase of treatment, 82 in-patients and 52 out-patients. The mean monthly patient costs associated with the diagnosis and treatment of RR-TB/MDR-TB were higher during the intensive phase than the continuation phase (US$235 vs. US$188) and among in-patients than among out-patients (US$269 vs. US$122). Patients in the continuation phase and those accessing care as out-patients reported higher out-of-pocket costs than other patients. Most patients did not access social protection for costs associated with RR-TB/MDR-TB illness. CONCLUSION: Despite free health care, patients bear high costs when accessing diagnosis and treatment services for RR-TB/MDR-TB; appropriate social protection mechanisms should be provided to assist them in coping with these costs.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2740
Subjects:
ID Code:
136954
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Sep 2019 11:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jun 2020 08:21