The oscillatory electro-oxidation of small organic molecules

Varela, Hamilton and Aragon Zulke, Alana Aragon and Delmonde, Marcelo V.F. (2017) The oscillatory electro-oxidation of small organic molecules. In: Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells : Fundamentals and Recent Trends. Wiley, pp. 145-163. ISBN 9783527341320

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The electrooxidation of small organic molecules such as formaldehyde, formic acid, methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, glycerol, and so on is relevant to interconversion between chemical and electrical energies. Although these have considerably low thermodynamic potentials compared to hydrogen, the oxidation process generally demands high overpotentials because of the ubiquitous formation of surface‐blocking carbonaceous species. The occurrence of parallel pathways and the formation of stable soluble by‐products also contribute to the poor utilization of all electrons involved in the oxidation process. Thecomplex kinetics found in these systems can also result in nonlinear manifestations such as autocatalysis and oscillatory dynamics. Besides the considerable amount of earlier experimental reports, only recently has some understanding of the chemistry underlying the dynamics been achieved. Moreover, a number of interesting and unexpected behaviors have been observed under oscillatory regime. In this chapter, we briefly review the recent advances on the oscillatory electrooxidation of small organic molecules, with emphasis on (a) the general phenomenology, (b) the use ofin situ andonline approaches, (c) the effect of temperature, and (d) the oscillations on modified surfaces. Moreover, some implications of nonlinearities in low temperature fuel cells are also discussed.

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24 Sep 2019 13:55
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11 Jun 2024 23:46