Selectivity in the gas-phase hydrogenation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde over supported Au catalysts

Perret, Noemie and Wang, Xiaodong and Onfroy, Thomas and Calers, Christophe and Keane, Mark A. (2014) Selectivity in the gas-phase hydrogenation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde over supported Au catalysts. Journal of Catalysis, 309. pp. 333-342. ISSN 0021-9517

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Abstract

The effects of Au particle size and support properties have been examined in the gas-phase hydrogenation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde over Au/ZrO2, Au/TiO2 and Au/Al2O3. Gold particle size was varied using deposition–precipitation and impregnation syntheses. The catalysts have been characterised in terms of BET area/pore volume, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), XRD, H2 chemisorption/TPD, TEM, XPS, and pyridine adsorption FTIR measurements. Reaction exclusivity to 4-aminobenzaldehyde was achieved over Au/ZrO2 and Au/TiO2 where a decrease in Au particle size (mean from 7.0 to 4.7 nm) generated a higher turnover frequency. Pyridine adsorption coupled with FTIR analysis has revealed stronger Lewis acidity associated with Au/Al2O3, which contributes to CO reduction via the formation of a benzoate intermediate. Selectivity to the alcohol is sensitive to Au size and reaction temperature with 100% 4-nitrobenzyl alcohol selectivity over Au/Al2O3 (mean Au size = 7.8 nm) at 423–443 K. Our results demonstrate the viability of controlling selective NO2 and CO reduction using oxide-supported Au catalysts.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Catalysis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1606
Subjects:
ID Code:
136895
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Sep 2019 11:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Apr 2020 06:32