Cost of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment in Health Care Settings:Special Issue on Studies on the Implementation of Integrated Models of Alcohol, Tobacco, and/or Drug Use Interventions into Medical Care

Barbosa, Carolina and Cowell, Alexander J. and Landwehr, Justin and Dowd, William and Bray, Jeremy W. (2016) Cost of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment in Health Care Settings:Special Issue on Studies on the Implementation of Integrated Models of Alcohol, Tobacco, and/or Drug Use Interventions into Medical Care. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 60. pp. 54-61. ISSN 0740-5472

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Abstract

Aims This study analyzed service unit and annual costs of substance abuse screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) programs implemented in emergency department (ED), inpatient, and outpatient medical settings in three U.S. states and one tribal organization. Methods Unit costs and annual costs were estimated from the perspective of service providers. Data for unit costs came from 26 performance sites, and data for annual costs came from 10 programs. A bottom-up approach was used to derive unit costs and included labor, space, and materials used in each SBIRT activity. Activities included direct SBIRT services and activities that support direct service delivery. Labor time spent in each activity was collected by trained observers using a time-and-motion approach. A top-down approach used cost questionnaires completed by program administrators to calculate annual costs and included labor, space, contracted services, overhead, training, travel, equipment, and supplies and materials. Costs were estimated in 2012 U.S. dollars. Results Average unit costs for prescreening, screening, brief intervention, brief treatment, and referral to treatment were $0.61, $6.59, $10.48, $22.63, and $12.06 in ED; $0.86, $6.33, $9.07, $27.61, and $8.03 in inpatient; and $0.84, $3.98, $7.81, $27.94, and $9.23 in outpatient settings, respectively; over half of the costs were attributable to support activities. Across all settings, the average cost to provide SBIRT per positive screen, for 1year, was about $400. Conclusions Support activities comprise a large proportion of costs. Health administrators can use the results to budget and compare how much sites are reimbursed for SBIRT to how much services actually cost.

Item Type: Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2701
Subjects:
Departments: Faculty of Health and Medicine > Health Research
ID Code: 136873
Deposited By: ep_importer_pure
Deposited On: 23 Sep 2019 10:00
Refereed?: Yes
Published?: Published
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2020 07:00
URI: https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/136873

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