Eye, Head and Torso Coordination During Gaze Shifts in Virtual Reality

Sidenmark, Ludwig and Gellersen, Hans (2019) Eye, Head and Torso Coordination During Gaze Shifts in Virtual Reality. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 27 (1): 4. ISSN 1073-0516

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Humans perform gaze shifts naturally through a combination of eye, head and body movements. Although gaze has been long studied as input modality for interaction, this has previously ignored the coordination of the eyes, head and body. This article reports a study of gaze shifts in virtual reality (VR) aimed to address the gap and inform design. We identify general eye, head and torso coordination patterns and provide an analysis of the relative movements' contribution and temporal alignment. We quantify effects of target distance, direction and user posture, describe preferred eye-in-head motion ranges, and identify a high variability in head movement tendency. Study insights lead us to propose gaze zones that reflect different levels of contribution from eye, head and body. We discuss design implications for HCI and VR, and in conclusion argue to treat gaze as multimodal input, and eye, head and body movement as synergetic in interaction design.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI)
Additional Information:
© ACM, 2019. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 27, 1, 2019 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3361218
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? eye gazegaze shiftseye-head coordinationeye, head and body movementeye trackinggaze interactionmultimodal interactionhuman-computer interaction ??
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Deposited On:
24 Sep 2019 10:50
Last Modified:
16 Jun 2024 00:32