First narrow-band search for continuous gravitational waves from known pulsars in advanced detector data

Pitkin, M (2017) First narrow-band search for continuous gravitational waves from known pulsars in advanced detector data. Physical Review D, 96 (12). ISSN 1550-7998

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Abstract

Spinning neutron stars asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis are potential sources of continuous gravitational waves for ground-based interferometric detectors. In the case of known pulsars a fully coherent search, based on matched filtering, which uses the position and rotational parameters obtained from electromagnetic observations, can be carried out. Matched filtering maximizes the signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio, but a large sensitivity loss is expected in case of even a very small mismatch between the assumed and the true signal parameters. For this reason, narrow-band analysis methods have been developed, allowing a fully coherent search for gravitational waves from known pulsars over a fraction of a hertz and several spin-down values. In this paper we describe a narrow-band search of 11 pulsars using data from Advanced LIGO’s first observing run. Although we have found several initial outliers, further studies show no significant evidence for the presence of a gravitational wave signal. Finally, we have placed upper limits on the signal strain amplitude lower than the spin-down limit for 5 of the 11 targets over the bands searched; in the case of J1813-1749 the spin-down limit has been beaten for the first time. For an additional 3 targets, the median upper limit across the search bands is below the spin-down limit. This is the most sensitive narrow-band search for continuous gravitational waves carried out so far.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review D
Additional Information:
© 2019 American Physical Society
Subjects:
ID Code:
136648
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Sep 2019 14:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Sep 2020 09:14