Spitzer catalog of Herschel-selected ultrared dusty, star-forming galaxies

Ma, Jingzhe and Cooray, Asantha and Nayyeri, Hooshang and Brown, Arianna and Ghotbi, Noah and Ivison, Rob and Oteo, Ivan and Duivenvoorden, Steven and Greenslade, Joshua and Clements, David and Wardlow, Julie and Battisti, Andrew and da Cunha, Elisabete and Ashby, Matthew L. N. and Perez-Fournon, Ismael and Riechers, Dominik and Oliver, Seb and Eales, Stephen and Negrello, Mattia and Dye, Simon and Dunne, Loretta and Omont, Alain and Scott, Douglas and Cox, Pierre and Serjeant, Stephen and Maddox, Steve and Valiante, Elisabetta (2019) Spitzer catalog of Herschel-selected ultrared dusty, star-forming galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 244. ISSN 0067-0049

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The largest Herschel extragalactic surveys, H-ATLAS and HerMES, have selected a sample of "ultrared" dusty, star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) with rising SPIRE flux densities ($S_{500} > S_{350} > S_{250}$; so-called "500 $\mu$m-risers") as an efficient way for identifying DSFGs at higher redshift ($z > 4$). In this paper, we present a large Spitzer follow-up program of 300 Herschel ultrared DSFGs. We have obtained high-resolution ALMA, NOEMA, and SMA data for 63 of them, which allow us to securely identify the Spitzer/IRAC counterparts and classify them as gravitationally lensed or unlensed. Within the 63 ultrared sources with high-resolution data, $\sim$65% appear to be unlensed, and $\sim$27% are resolved into multiple components. We focus on analyzing the unlensed sample by directly performing multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling to derive their physical properties and compare with the more numerous $z \sim 2$ DSFG population. The ultrared sample has a median redshift of 3.3, stellar mass of 3.7 $\times$ 10$^{11}$ $M_{\odot}$, star formation rate (SFR) of 730 $M_{\odot}$yr$^{-1}$, total dust luminosity of 9.0 $\times$ 10$^{12}$ $L_{\odot}$, dust mass of 2.8 $\times$ 10$^9$ $M_{\odot}$, and V-band extinction of 4.0, which are all higher than those of the ALESS DSFGs. Based on the space density, SFR density, and stellar mass density estimates, we conclude that our ultrared sample cannot account for the majority of the star-forming progenitors of the massive, quiescent galaxies found in infrared surveys. Our sample contains the rarer, intrinsically most dusty, luminous and massive galaxies in the early universe that will help us understand the physical drivers of extreme star formation.

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The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
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This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi:
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04 Sep 2019 08:55
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01 Oct 2020 03:23