Radio Spectra and Sizes of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array-identified Submillimeter Galaxies:Evidence of Age-related Spectral Curvature and Cosmic-Ray Diffusion?

Thomson, A. P. and Smail, Ian and Swinbank, A. M. and Simpson, J. M. and Arumugam, V. and Stach, S. and Murphy, E. J. and Rujopakarn, W. and Almaini, O. and An, F. and Blain, A. W. and Chen, C. C. and Cooke, E. A. and Dudzeviciute, U. and Edge, A. C. and Farrah, D. and Gullberg, B. and Hartley, W. and Ibar, E. and Maltby, D. and Michalowski, M. J. and Simpson, C. and van der Werf, P. and Wardlow, J. L. (2019) Radio Spectra and Sizes of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array-identified Submillimeter Galaxies:Evidence of Age-related Spectral Curvature and Cosmic-Ray Diffusion? The Astrophysical Journal, 883 (2). ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

We analyze the multifrequency radio spectral properties of 41 6GHz-detected Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array(ALMA)-identified, submillimeter galaxies (SMGs), observed at 610 MHz,1.4 GHz, and 6 GHz with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope and the VeryLarge Array. Combining high-resolution (∼0.″5) 6 GHz radio andALMA 870 μm imaging (tracing rest frame ∼20 GHz, and ∼250μm dust continuum), we study the far-infrared/radio correlation viathe logarithmic flux ratio q IR, measuring <{q}IR}> =2.20+/- 0.06 for our sample. We show that thehigh-frequency radio sizes of SMGs are ∼1.9 ± 0.4×(∼2–3 kpc) larger than those of the cool dust emission, andfind evidence for a subset of our sources being extended on ∼10 kpcscales at 1.4 GHz. By combining radio flux densities measured at threefrequencies, we can move beyond simple linear fits to the radio spectraof high-redshift star-forming galaxies, and search for spectralcurvature, which has been observed in local starburst galaxies. At leasta quarter (10/41) of our sample shows evidence of a spectral break, witha median <{α }610 {GHz}1.4 {GHz}>=-0.60+/- 0.06, but <{α }1.4 {GHz}6{GHz}> =-1.06+/- 0.04—a high-frequency flux deficitrelative to simple extrapolations from the low-frequency data. Weexplore this result within this subset of sources in the context ofage-related synchrotron losses, showing that a combination of weakmagnetic fields (B ∼ 35 μG) and young ages (t SB ∼40–80 Myr) for the central starburst can reproduce the observedspectral break. Assuming these represent evolved (but ongoing)starbursts, and we are observing these systems roughly halfway throughtheir current episode of star formation, this implies starburstdurations of ≲100 Myr, in reasonable agreement with estimatesderived via gas depletion timescales.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
The Astrophysical Journal
Additional Information:
This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab32e7
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1912
Subjects:
ID Code:
136508
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
04 Sep 2019 08:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2020 06:44