Efficient heating of single-molecule junctions for thermoelectric studies at cryogenic temperatures

Gehring, Pascal and Van Der Star, Martijn and Evangeli, Charalambos and Le Roy, Jennifer J. and Bogani, Lapo and Kolosov, Oleg V. and Van Der Zant, Herre S.J. (2019) Efficient heating of single-molecule junctions for thermoelectric studies at cryogenic temperatures. Applied Physics Letters, 115 (7). ISSN 0003-6951

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The energy dependent thermoelectric response of a single molecule contains valuable information about its transmission function and its excited states. However, measuring it requires devices that can efficiently heat up one side of the molecule while being able to tune its electrochemical potential over a wide energy range. Furthermore, to increase junction stability, devices need to operate at cryogenic temperatures. In this work, we report on a device architecture to study the thermoelectric properties and the conductance of single molecules simultaneously over a wide energy range. We employ a sample heater in direct contact with the metallic electrodes contacting the single molecule which allows us to apply temperature biases up to ΔT = 60 K with minimal heating of the molecular junction. This makes these devices compatible with base temperatures Tbath < 2 K and enables studies in the linear (Δ T ≪ T molecule) and nonlinear (Δ T ≫ T molecule) thermoelectric transport regimes.

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Journal Article
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Applied Physics Letters
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Copyright 2019 American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Applied Physics Letters, 115 (7), 2019 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5118861 This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.
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29 Aug 2019 08:40
Last Modified:
21 Sep 2023 02:41