Exploring variation between artificial grammar learning experiments:Outlining a meta-analysis approach

Trotter, Tony and Monaghan, Padraic and Beckers, Gabriel and Christiansen, Morten H. (2020) Exploring variation between artificial grammar learning experiments:Outlining a meta-analysis approach. Topics in Cognitive Science, 12 (3). pp. 875-893. ISSN 1756-8757

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Abstract

Artificial grammar learning (AGL) has become an important tool used to understand aspects of human language learning and whether the abilities underlying learning may be unique to humans or found in other species. Successful learning is typically assumed when human or animal participants are able to distinguish stimuli generated by the grammar from those that are not at a level better than chance. However, the question remains as to what subjects actually learn in these experiments. Previous studies of AGL have frequently introduced multiple potential contributors to performance in the training and testing stimuli, but meta-analysis techniques now enable us to consider these multiple information sources for their contribution to learning – enabling intended and unintended structures to be assessed simultaneously. We present a blueprint for meta-analysis approaches to appraise the effect of learning in human and other animal studies for a series of artificial grammar learning experiments, focusing on studies that examine auditory and visual modalities. We identify a series of variables that differ across these studies, focusing on both structural and surface properties of the grammar, and characteristics of training and test regimes, and provide a first step in assessing the relative contribution of these design features of artificial grammars as well as species specific effects for learning.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Topics in Cognitive Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1700/1702
Subjects:
ID Code:
135911
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
31 Jul 2019 12:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
21 Oct 2020 06:36