The effect of the gap distance between an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet nozzle and liquid surface on OH and N2 species concentrations

Ghimire, Bhagirath and Sornsakdanuphap, Jirapong and Hong, Young Jun and Uhm, Han Sup and Weltmann, Klaus-Dieter and Choi, Eun Ha (2017) The effect of the gap distance between an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet nozzle and liquid surface on OH and N2 species concentrations. Physics of Plasmas, 24 (7). ISSN 1070-664X

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Abstract

An argon plasma jet at atmospheric pressure was operated at various gap distances between the nozzle of the plasma jet and the water surface in order to study the formation of OH and N2 species in the vicinity of the water surface. Plasma was generated using a 24 kHz sinusoidal power supply at a steady gas flow-rate of 200 sccm. The electron temperature and rotational temperature of gas species were measured using optical emission spectroscopy and found to decrease with increasing gap distance. Meanwhile, the electron density calculated from jet current measurement increased with increasing gap distance. The average OH concentration reduced from 6.10 × 1015 cm−3 to 1.35 × 1015 cm−3, as the gap distance increased from 1 to 4 mm. The 337 nm N2 second positive system studied by optical emission spectroscopy and temporal emission signals increased with increasing gap distance. Plasma activated water was also made from various gap distances in order to confirm the presence of particular reactive oxygen or nitrogen species inside the water. The maximum observed absorbance corresponding to nitrogen oxide was in the spectral range of 230–250 nm from the 4 mm gap distance, while another maximum was recorded in the range of 250–260 nm corresponding to H2O2 from the 1 mm gap distance. Our experimental observations indicate that reactive oxygen and nitrogen species may be generated above the water surface or penetrate into some biological fluids, suggesting that their particular production can be tailored by the variation of the gap distance. I. INTRODUCTION

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physics of Plasmas
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
135822
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Jul 2019 15:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Apr 2020 07:30