The monohydrate and dihydrate of acetic acid:A high-resolution microwave spectroscopic study

Ouyang, Bin and Howard, Brian J. (2009) The monohydrate and dihydrate of acetic acid:A high-resolution microwave spectroscopic study. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 11 (2). pp. 366-373. ISSN 1463-9076

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High-resolution microwave spectra of the monohydrate and dihydrate of acetic acid were recorded using a pulsed nozzle Fourier transform microwave spectrometer. The rotational and centrifugal distortion constants of these species were determined, which confirms the structures predicted by ab initio calculations that the H2O molecules bind to the carboxylic group to form hydrogen-bonded ring complexes. The dependence of the intensity of the rotational transitions on the power of the microwave pulses suggests that both hydrates have small a-and b-dipole moments of less than 0.3 Debye. All rotational transitions were split into two by internal rotation of the methyl group. Analysis of the splitting using both the PAM and the CAM methods allows the orientation and the height of the three-fold barrier to internal rotation (V3) of the methyl group to be determined accurately. A consistently declining trend of V3 from the acid monomer [168.16 cm-1, B. P. van Eijck, J. van Opheusden, M. M. M. van Schaik and E. van Zoeren, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1981, 86, 465] through the monohydrate (138.396 cm -1) and the dihydrate (118.482 cm-1) was observed, which suggests that the amount of decrease of V3 may be correlated with the strength of hydrogen bonding in these complexes.

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Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
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22 Jul 2019 09:10
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16 Sep 2023 01:59