Night-time measurements of HOx during the RONOCO project and analysis of the sources of HO2

Walker, H. M. and Stone, D. and Ingham, T. and Vaughan, S. and Cain, M. and Jones, R. L. and Kennedy, O. J. and McLeod, M. and Ouyang, B. and Pyle, J. and Bauguitte, S. and Bandy, B. and Forster, G. and Evans, M. J. and Hamilton, J. F. and Hopkins, J. R. and Lee, J. D. and Lewis, A. C. and Lidster, R. T. and Punjabi, S. and Morgan, W. T. and Heard, D. E. (2015) Night-time measurements of HOx during the RONOCO project and analysis of the sources of HO2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15 (14). pp. 8179-8200. ISSN 1680-7316

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Measurements of the radical species OH and HO2 were made using the fluorescence assay by gas expansion (FAGE) technique during a series of night-time and daytime flights over the UK in summer 2010 and winter 2011. OH was not detected above the instrument's 1σ limit of detection during any of the night-time flights or during the winter daytime flights, placing upper limits on [OH] of 1.8 × 106 molecule cm-3 and 6.4 × 105 molecule cm-3 for the summer and winter flights, respectively. HO2 reached a maximum concentration of 3.2 × 108 molecule cm-3 (13.6 pptv) during a night-time flight on 20 July 2010, when the highest concentrations of NO3 and O3 were also recorded. An analysis of the rates of reaction of OH, O3, and the NO3 radical with measured alkenes indicates that the summer night-time troposphere can be as important for the processing of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as the winter daytime troposphere. An analysis of the instantaneous rate of production of HO2 from the reactions of O3 and NO3 with alkenes has shown that, on average, reactions of NO3 dominated the night-time production of HO2 during summer and reactions of O3 dominated the night-time HO2 production during winter.

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Journal Article
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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
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22 Jul 2019 14:05
Last Modified:
19 Oct 2023 10:25