Effects of canyon geometry on the distribution of traffic-related air pollution in a large urban area:Implications of a multi-canyon air pollution dispersion model

Fu, Xiangwen and Liu, Junfeng and Ban-Weiss, George A. and Zhang, Jiachen and Huang, Xin and Ouyang, Bin and Popoola, Olalekan and Tao, Shu (2017) Effects of canyon geometry on the distribution of traffic-related air pollution in a large urban area:Implications of a multi-canyon air pollution dispersion model. Atmospheric Environment, 165. pp. 111-121. ISSN 1352-2310

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Abstract

Street canyons are ubiquitous in urban areas. Traffic-related air pollutants in street canyons can adversely affect human health. In this study, an urban-scale traffic pollution dispersion model is developed considering street distribution, canyon geometry, background meteorology, traffic assignment, traffic emissions and air pollutant dispersion. In the model, vehicle exhausts generated from traffic flows first disperse inside street canyons along the micro-scale wind field generated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. Then, pollutants leave the street canyon and further disperse over the urban area. On the basis of this model, the effects of canyon geometry on the distribution of NOx and CO from traffic emissions were studied over the center of Beijing. We found that an increase in building height leads to heavier pollution inside canyons and lower pollution outside canyons at pedestrian level, resulting in higher domain-averaged concentrations over the area. In addition, canyons with highly even or highly uneven building heights on each side of the street tend to lower the urban-scale air pollution concentrations at pedestrian level. Further, increasing street widths tends to lead to lower pollutant concentrations by reducing emissions and enhancing ventilation simultaneously. Our results indicate that canyon geometry strongly influences human exposure to traffic pollutants in the populated urban area. Carefully planning street layout and canyon geometry while considering traffic demand as well as local weather patterns may significantly reduce inhalation of unhealthy air by urban residents.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Atmospheric Environment
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1902
Subjects:
ID Code:
135582
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Aug 2019 13:20
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
01 Apr 2020 07:29