Ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, climate change and prospects for a sustainable future

Barnes, P.W. and Williamson, C.E. and Lucas, R.M. and Robinson, S.A. and Madronich, S. and Paul, N.D. and Bornman, J.F. and Bais, A.F. and Sulzberger, B. and Wilson, S.R. and Andrady, A.L. and McKenzie, R.L. and Neale, P.J. and Austin, A.T. and Bernhard, G.H. and Solomon, K.R. and Neale, R.E. and Young, P.J. and Norval, M. and Rhodes, L.E. and Hylander, S. and Rose, K.C. and Longstreth, J. and Aucamp, P.J. and Ballaré, C.L. and Cory, R.M. and Flint, S.D. and de Gruijl, F.R. and Häder, D.-P. and Heikkilä, A.M. and Jansen, M.A.K. and Pandey, K.K. and Robson, T.M. and Sinclair, C.A. and Wängberg, S.-Å. and Worrest, R.C. and Yazar, S. and Young, A.R. and Zepp, R.G. (2019) Ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, climate change and prospects for a sustainable future. Nature Sustainability, 2 (7). pp. 569-579. ISSN 2398-9629

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Changes in stratospheric ozone and climate over the past 40-plus years have altered the solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation conditions at the Earth’s surface. Ozone depletion has also contributed to climate change across the Southern Hemisphere. These changes are interacting in complex ways to affect human health, food and water security, and ecosystem services. Many adverse effects of high UV exposure have been avoided thanks to the Montreal Protocol with its Amendments and Adjustments, which have effectively controlled the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. This international treaty has also played an important role in mitigating climate change. Climate change is modifying UV exposure and affecting how people and ecosystems respond to UV; these effects will become more pronounced in the future. The interactions between stratospheric ozone, climate and UV radiation will therefore shift over time; however, the Montreal Protocol will continue to have far-reaching benefits for human well-being and environmental sustainability.

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Journal Article
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Nature Sustainability
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28 Jan 2020 16:10
Last Modified:
16 Sep 2023 01:59