Thermal stress induces persistently altered coral reef fish assemblages

Robinson, J.P.W. and Wilson, S.K. and Jennings, S. and Graham, N.A.J. (2019) Thermal stress induces persistently altered coral reef fish assemblages. Global Change Biology, 25 (8). pp. 2739-2750. ISSN 1354-1013

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Abstract

Ecological communities are reorganizing in response to warming temperatures. For continuous ocean habitats this reorganization is characterized by large-scale species redistribution, but for tropical discontinuous habitats such as coral reefs, spatial isolation coupled with strong habitat dependence of fish species imply that turnover and local extinctions are more significant mechanisms. In these systems, transient marine heatwaves are causing coral bleaching and profoundly altering habitat structure, yet despite severe bleaching events becoming more frequent and projections indicating annual severe bleaching by the 2050s at most reefs, long-term effects on the diversity and structure of fish assemblages remain unclear. Using a 23-year time series spanning a thermal stress event, we describe and model structural changes and recovery trajectories of fish communities after mass bleaching. Communities changed fundamentally, with the new emergent communities dominated by herbivores and persisting for >15 years, a period exceeding realized and projected intervals between thermal stress events on coral reefs. Reefs which shifted to macroalgal states had the lowest species richness and highest compositional dissimilarity, whereas reefs where live coral recovered exceeded prebleaching fish richness, but remained dissimilar to prebleaching compositions. Given realized and projected frequencies of bleaching events, our results show that fish communities historically associated with coral reefs will not re-establish, requiring substantial adaptation by managers and resource users.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Global Change Biology
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Robinson, JPW, Wilson, SK, Jennings, S, Graham, NAJ. Thermal stress induces persistently altered coral reef fish assemblages. Glob Change Biol. 2019; 25: 2739– 2750. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14704 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/gcb.14704 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2304
Subjects:
ID Code:
135420
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Jul 2019 13:40
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
11 Jul 2020 08:22