Validating gravitational-wave detections:The Advanced LIGO hardware injection system

Biwer, C. and Barker, D. and Batch, J. C. and Betzwieser, J. and Fisher, R. P. and Goetz, E. and Kandhasamy, S. and Karki, S. and Kissel, J. S. and Lundgren, A. P. and Macleod, D. M. and Mullavey, A. and Riles, K. and Rollins, J. G. and Thorne, K. A. and Thrane, E. and Abbott, T. D. and Allen, Bruce and Brown, D. A. and Charlton, P. and Crowder, S. G. and Fritschel, P. and Kanner, J. B. and Landry, M. and Lazzaro, C. and Millhouse, M. and Pitkin, M. and Savage, R. L. and Shawhan, P. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Smith, J. R. and Sun, L. and Veitch, J. and Vitale, S. and Weinstein, A. J. and Cornish, N. and Essick, R. C. and Fays, M. and Katsavounidis, E. and Lange, J. and Littenberg, T. B. and Lynch, R. and Meyers, P. M. and Pannarale, F. and Prix, R. and O'Shaughnessy, R. and Sigg, D. (2017) Validating gravitational-wave detections:The Advanced LIGO hardware injection system. Physical Review D, 95. ISSN 1550-7998

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Abstract

Hardware injections are simulated gravitational-wave signals added to the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO). The detectors' test masses are physically displaced by an actuator in order to simulate the effects of a gravitational wave. The simulated signal initiates a control-system response which mimics that of a true gravitational wave. This provides an end-to-end test of LIGO's ability to observe gravitational waves. The gravitational-wave analyses used to detect and characterize signals are exercised with hardware injections. By looking for discrepancies between the injected and recovered signals, we are able to characterize the performance of analyses and the coupling of instrumental subsystems to the detectors' output channels. This paper describes the hardware injection system and the recovery of injected signals representing binary black hole mergers, a stochastic gravitational wave background, spinning neutron stars, and sine-Gaussians.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review D
Additional Information:
© 2017 American Physical Society
ID Code:
135293
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
24 Jul 2019 14:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
31 May 2020 06:12